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Abu ‘Ali ibn Sina is better known in Europe by the Latinized name “Avicenna.” He is probably the most significant philosopher in the Islamic tradition. He was
born in 980-  Islamic golden  age. He was a self-taught intellectual. He grew up near Bukhara, in the village of Afshana, in Uzbekistan today.
Avicenna studied Indian arithmetic from food trader. At his young age, he deeply studied the metaphysics of Aristotle and began studying  medicine from the age
of 16.
In  the  framework  of  Islamic  religion,  he  had  the  ability  to  critically  analyze antiquity philosophy and science and systematization all the knowledge.  His main
work is a philosophical encyclopedia, which includes logic, physics, mathematics and metaphysics.
Ibn Sina's poetry heritage has partially reached us (he wrote in Arabic and Persian). In his poems he expressed his philosophical beliefs. In this respect it is
worth mentioning "the Spirit Casida". He preached the goodness of the science and education  The allegorical nature has  Ibn Sina's philosophical-artistic works
"Salaman  and  Absal",  "Letter  to  the  bird"  and  "Live,  the  Son  of  the  Wisdom", which is too similar with Dante "The Divine Comedy".    Ibn Sīnā's commentaries on
Aristotle  often  criticized  the  philosopher.  Ibn  Sina  was  distinguished  as  a translator and literary theorist. Ibn Sina (folk name_ABu-Ali) has become a hero of the fairy tale of almost all the Middle East.
Ibn Sina's most important medical work 'The Law of Medical Science' was translated into Latin in the XII century and was first published in Milan in 1473, An
Arabic original was published in 1593, in Rome. There are 30 editions of this work. The author refers to the cultivation of plants, especially the medicinal plants and
the physiology.
He had hypothesis that contagious diseases was caused by some invisible organisms and diseases were spread by air and water. He denied the opinion that
the spirits were causing  mental illness. Ibn Sina's descripted many diseases. He gave great importance to hygiene and nutrition. He created new pharmacy. His
pharmacopoeia has included lots of means of folk, especially Chinese medicine. In 1037 Avicenna  had a severe intestinal disease and died at the age of 58. He  was
buried in Iran in the city of Hamadan.